The Basics of Self-Funding and Stop Loss Insurance
Many employers are concerned about their ability to manage employee health plan costs. Balancing state-mandated benefits, state premium taxes, and the risk charges on insured health care premiums has many employers considering self-funding as an option to help reduce plan costs.
An employer self-funded plan provides health benefits to employees using the company’s own funds. This means the employer assumes the risk of paying claims for benefits.
Self-funded employers can often take advantage of several benefits generally unavailable to a traditional fully-insured benefit program, like:
- lower operating costs
- increased cash flow
- flexibility in plan design
- better claims management
- tailored reporting
However, the biggest risk of a self-funded plan is the potential for a catastrophic claim, which can be financially devastating. A catastrophic claim may include a cancer diagnosis, end-stage renal disease, or a need for an organ transplant. This is where Medical Stop Loss Insurance can help.
Medical Stop Loss Insurance
Stop Loss insurance protects a self-funded plan in the case of a catastrophic claim. Stop Loss coverage reimburses the employer for claims that exceed a predetermined deductible. There are two general types of stop loss coverage: specific/individual and aggregate.
Specific/individual Stop Loss Insurance
Specific/individual stop loss insurance helps protect the employer against the risk of a large claim on any individual covered by the plan. There is typically a deductible over which any claim amount is covered by the stop loss contract (e.g., $100,000 or $150,000).
Aggregate Stop Loss Insurance
Aggregate stop loss insurance helps protect the employer in the event total health plan claims exceed a certain threshold. Typically, this threshold is set at 125% of the expected annual claims cost.
Aggregate stop loss is often quoted as a percentage over the expected cost per employee, so changes in the employer population do not increase an employer’s risk exposure. Aggregate stop loss can provide some assurance of a level funding amount and help alleviate monthly swings in claims expenditures.
Many employers purchase either specific/individual or aggregate stop loss protection. Some employers, particularly smaller employers, may want the protection of both forms of stop loss insurance.
We Can Help
American Fidelity has an experienced stop loss insurance underwriting team ready to recommend a custom solution for your organization. We also have other resources for employers who are interested in self-funded plans.
This blog is up to date as of June 2020 and has not been updated for changes in the law, administration or current events.
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